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The last Greek ruler of the frontier regions and\line \expndtw6 Tj\sub emi\nosupersub  \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw12\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 the Kabul valley was Hermseus,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi1991\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 who flourished about the second \expndtw11 quarter of the first century A.D.\super 1\nosupersub  Hemmed in by \expndtw0 enemies on all sides, he succumbed to the pressure of the \expndtw12 advancing Kushans under Kujula Kadphises. The \expndtw5 Greek power had already been weakened by internal \expndtw11 feuds, and so it could not withstand the inroads of \expndtw9 these "barbarian" hordes.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li22\fi0\ri0\sb140\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Results of the Greek contact}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi475\ri14\sb115\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Let us now consider the effects of the Greek occupa\-\expndtw0 tion of the north-western parts of India. Did these foreign \expndtw2 rulers influence the subsequent development of Indian institutions and polity, or were they regarded merely as \expndtw6 brilliant commanders of armies, to be dreaded rather \expndtw0 than imitated ? Questions like these have evoked widely \expndtw-1 different answers; some emphasise the debt India owes to \expndtw7 Hellenism, and others deny its impress altogether. As \expndtw9 is often the case, the truth lies somewhere midway. \expndtw11 The Greeks first came into touch with India at the \expndtw4 time of Alexander's invasion, and whatever his inten-\expndtw1 tions may have been, he could not in the midst of nine\-teen months' hard righting act as a pioneer of Greek civilisation, or materially change the course of Hindu \expndtw7 society. Indeed, the Indian revolt, following closely \expndtw8 upon his premature death, soon obliterated all traces \expndtw12 of -Greek conquest. Then came Seleukos Nikator \expndtw8 about 306 B.C., but he got no chance to disseminate \expndtw9 the seeds of Greek culture on Indian soil. His arms \expndtw8 were effectively checked on the frontiers by Candra-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li385\fi0\ri0\sb234\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 *Tarn suggests 50 B.C. \b (G.B.I., \b0 pp. 331, 337).}\par }